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Describe A Person Who Likes To Buy Goods With Low Prices IELTSCUECARDS-VINODSHARMAIELTS

Describe a person who likes to buy goods with low prices. Introduction. Everybody loves shopping and there are many places where one can buy affordable goods. Street markets are popular destinations for buying things at a very reasonable price and the majority of people like to visit streets to buy household things. Those who are specific about the product or brand they go to brand outlets or malls. - Who this person is. Here I am going to talk about my friend Rakesh who is super conscious about saving money. He doesn't like to spend a penny extra so he does a remoteview before buying anything and finds the best deal. Rakesh is a school friend so I know him from my childhood and from his early days I also accompanied him in street markets to buy things. - What this person likes to buy Rakesh likes to buy almost everything from the streets like electronic gadgets, clothes, footwear, stationary,books, playing equipment and many more he has almost everything that is needed

Cities and infrastructure


Urban= adjective meaning ‘about cities’

Urban crime is a great concern for the authorities in most countries today.

Investment or funding = money to pay for an activity, either from government or business

My home town secured investment from a charity for a new stadium, and funding from a local company for sponsorship.

Infrastructure= the physical and system organisation of a city, area or country, especially in terms of transport and communications

The UK railway infrastructure dates back to the 1860’s in many places.

High-capacity = able to handle high volumes of goods or people

Sea container ships are high-capacity international freight providers.

Public transport = transport such as buses and trains funded by the state (as opposed to ‘private transport’ such as cars owned by individuals)

I usually get to work by public transport, even though it’s very crowded.

Congestion= situation of too much traffic, causing delays (the phrase ‘traffic jam’ is not generally used in Academic English)

I have to leave home very early in the mornings, because of the congestion on the way to my college.

Conurbations= very large cities which have absorbed other towns

Sao Paolo is a huge conurbation in Brazil, and is still expanding.

Transport hubs = centres where many routes converge

Heathrow airport is the largest transport hub in Europe.

Facilitiesand amenities = places providing any service to the public, either private or public sector

My home city has many amenities such as swimming pools and parks, and several facilities for elderly people such as care homes.

A bottleneck = a place where congestion regularly happens

The connection from a motorway to a local road is always a big bottleneck.

Overcrowding= a situation where too many people try to live in one place

Hong Kong has managed its overcrowding problem very skilfully.

Hinterland= the area around a city affected by its development

I live in the hinterland of our capital city, where we regularly go for shopping and for work projects.

To settle in a place = to move and live there permanently, usually with work and a family

I was born in Asia, but my parents settled in the USA when I was very young.

Urban sprawl = the situation where a city expands and buildings are constructed without control or laws

Urban sprawl has resulted in the rapid expansion of many Asian cities, with resulting damage to the environment.

Public-private partnerships = projects funded jointly by the government and business, to reduce the cost to the taxpayer

My country has just installed a new tunnel under the central mountains, run by a public-privatepartnership.

Civic pride = the pride felt in the town/city where you live, its people and infrastructure

As a symbol of civic pride, we built a new park zone with sports amenities and educational exhibitions.

Tax incentives = reductions in tax to encourage people to do or buy something

We should use tax incentives to encourage more people to try using their own solar panels at home.

Home working = working in your home for all or part of the week

Home working can be quite an isolated way to do your job.

To commute = to travel a long distance to work every day

I live in the suburbs and commute by train to the city centre.

Suburbs= the residential areas around a city

Life in the suburbs can be rather boring, to be honest.

The inner city = the older, central part of a city

Inner city housing is often overcrowded and noisy.

Communal car-pooling = a voluntary system for people to travel in a shared car, to reduce fuel use

I tried car-pooling, but it was difficult to arrange the journeys with three other people.

Outdated = old-fashioned and not relevant today

I find that our political parties are very outdated these days.

Innovations= new ideas or things (which are usually useful or exciting)

Mobile computing was one of the great innovations of the last ten years.

A burden = a weight or responsibility which is difficult to cope with

The burden of income tax is much too high these days for normal people.

Transport delays and long journey times are a widespread phenomenon in many cities today. What are the causes of this problem, and how could the situation be improved?

Band 9 model essay

Transport is an essential part of urban life, and lengthy journeys are frustrating and expensive for those concerned. There appear to be two main causes of this, and several possible solutions, as we will explain here.

Perhaps the main cause is the lack of investment or funding for infrastructure in the form of high-capacity public transport and increased road space for private vehicles. This means that too many vehicles use the existing network, and congestion is inevitable. We see this in most large cities globally, such as London or Tokyo. Many conurbations also lack finance for transport hubs, such as integrated road and rail facilities which could connect public and private transport, thus reducing bottlenecks. A further cause seems to be the problem of overcrowding in cities, whereby people migrate from the hinterland and settle in urban areas, putting strain on amenities, housing and above all on transport capacity. This means that an already stretched system is often pushed to a critical point, causing cancellations and breakdowns in the technology used, especially in situations of urbansprawl such as in Latin America.

Regarding potential solutions, probably the main remedy would be to encourage investment in better infrastructure, for example through subsidies or public-private partnerships as was tried successfully in Germany during the 1990’s. This enhances the network and fosters a sense of civicpride, to everyone’s benefit. Another solution may be to use tax incentives to allow more homeworking, so that there is less need to commute from the suburbs to the inner city for work. A final response might be the development of more flexible patterns of transport, such as communal carpooling, which would reduce reliance on existing systems and vehicles.

In conclusion, it seems that outdated infrastructure and overcrowding are the key factors behind our transport frustrations. Possible solutions would involve better funding, and alsoinnovations in ways of working and travelling to reduce the burden on the system.